History of Jorhat
Purnananda Buragohain ,the Prime Minister of Gaurinath Singha, encamps at Dichoi , which became the nucleus of the town of Jorhat and continued to be the capital of the Ahoms till the end of their rule.
Death of Gaurinath Singha.
British forces led by Lieutenant MacGregor repulses the Moamarias near Jorhat leaving them demoralise and retreats to Rangpur. Captain Welsh reaches Jorhat to restore the Ahom Monarchy in upper Assam to its 'ancient form'.
Process of shifting of capital from Rangpur to Jorhat during reign of Gaurinath Singha
Kamaleswar Singha ascended the throne.
Death of Kamaleswar Singha
Chandrakanta Singha became the Ahom King
Death of Prime Minister Purnananda Buragohain.
Ruchinath and Prince Brajanath arrived practically without resistance. Raja Chandrakanta who had fled to Rangpur on their approach to Jorhat, was persuaded to return to the capital.But he was deposed on 20th February, sent as a prisoner to Taratali near Jorhat and then mutilated so as to be permanently disqulified for kingship.
Rule of Purandar Singha
The Ahoms were defeated and took a hasty retreat to Jorhat from Nazira at the hands of the Burmese invaders. Purandar Singha fled to Gauhati and Chandra Kanta Singha joined the Burmese. He became a nominal ruler and the real authority was vasted in the Burmese.
ChandraKanta defeated at Mahgarh near Jorhat by the Burmese led by Mingimaha Bandula.
Atrocities and looting by "Mann" -Burmese Soldiers.
Jugeswar Singha was confirmed Vassal King by the Burmese.The rule of the Burmese,who obtained complete mastery over Assam continued.
Defeat of the Burmese by the British forces led by Lt. Col. Alfred Richards. British forces pass through Skirmished with Burmese forces of Jorhat and at Rangpur the Burmese surrenders practically without any resistance (30th January).
The Burmese King no longer capable of offering resistance to the British forces, concludes at Yandabo on 24th February a treaty of peace. The British force was led by General Sir Archibald Campbell. The Burmese forces 'renounced all claims'and agreed to 'abstain from all future interference with, the principality of Assam and its dependencies.
Death of Jogeswar Singha
David Scott appointed as first Senior Commissioner,Western Assam and Agent to Governor,General with H.Q.at Guwahati Colonel richards became the first Junior Commissioner in charge of Eastern Assam with H.Q.at Rangpur.The two adminstrative units came to be known as Senior Khanda and Junior Kanda.Lt.Colonel Cooper appointed as political Agent, Upper Assam and Jr. Commissioner at Rangpur.
John Bryan Neufville was appointed as Political Agent, Upper Assam and Junior Commissoner at Rangpur. Gomdhar Konwar declares himself king .The revolt was suppressed by the British and later on he was sentenced to 14 years imprisonment.
Death of J.B.Neufville at Jorhat.
Revolt by Peoti Borphukon and Jeuram Dulia Baruah suppressed and later on sentenced to death.
1831 , September
Lient. J. Mathie joined as the Political Agent of Upper Assam.
1831 , October
Major Adam White joined as the Political Agent of Upper Assam.
Puandar Singha was recognised as the tributary ruler of a part of Eastern Assam.According to the engagement with the British Govt he undertook to pay an annual tribute of Rs.50,000.Jorhat was made the capital of the new state.
The company annexed Purandar Singha's territory and granted him a pension of Rs.1000,but he refused to accept it.
Captain J.Brodie became the Principal Assistant to the Agent of the Governor General,Sibsagar."Buranji Vivek Ratna"was written by Moniram Baruah.He was the first Chronicler of Jorhat.
First Police Station established.
Death of Chandra Kanta Singha.
Maniram Sirastadar Baruah was appointed as Dewan of Assam Tea Company,Nazira.
Land Settelment of Assam announced.the Khel System was abolished and asessments were fixed on the area under cultivation at the rate of one rupee per pura on rupit land,and eight annas for other lands.
Sagarmal Baid founder"Borgola"a trading centre at Jorhat.
Population census carried out by British Govt.Total population of Sibsagar district was calculated at 157632.Jalkar poll tax ablished(A tax paid by paiks for their roopit and garden(Bari)land as an equivalent for exemption of these lands from assessment).
Maniram Dewan established a tea garden at Chinamora.
Death of Swargadeo Purandar Singha.
Maidam of Purandar Singha excavated by East India Company.First steam boat plied on the Brahmaputra.
A devastating flood swept away Bhogdoi bridge and changed its course.
Death of Kameswar Singha.
Jorhat Christian school opened.
Kandarpeswar Singha was arrested and sent to calcuta by captain C. Holroyd.
Maniram dewan and Peali Baruah hanged to death at Jorhat.
Jorhat Tea company was formed.
A devastating flood,earthquake tremor at Jorhat.
Jorhat declared as a Sub-Division of Rangpur District.
George Williamson school for technical education started,but technical clases were not started.
Nagar Unnayan Samity came into being (Town development Committee).
A Moonsiffs court was opened at Jorhat for the first time.
"Assam Bilashini"a monthly magazine published from Majuli.
Vast use of Court at Jorhat among the general people.
Willamson School was opened.
"Assam Dipak"published from Majuli.Gymkhana club established temporarily at Garmur.
First horse race started at Gymkhana horse course.
Death of Kandarpeswar Singha.
Jorhat Union Board for Urban development was established.
Kohima high school was closed and amalgamated with Willamson School forming Govt.High School at Jorhat.
"Jorhat Sarbajanik Sabha"came into existence under the leadership of Jagannath Barooah.
First Train introduced from Jorhat to Gossaingaon.
Establishment of Cinamora Miller M.E.School.
Freedom fighter Seikeh Bahadur Gaonbura died.
Establishment of BezbBaruah High School.
Jorhat Muktob Adarsha Primary School establishment.Temporary theatre hall established.
Earthquake at Jorhat at 5-23 p.m.
Permanent theatre hall installed.
Kenduguri M.E .School established.
First printing press"Darpan" opened.
Death of Jagannath Barooah.
Jorhat Municipality was formed.
Jorhat Tennis Club established.
Toklai experimental station established.Jorhat declared as Dist.H.Q.of Sibsagar district.
Shifting of District Headquarter from Rangpur to Jorhat.
1912, 6th August.
Chief Commissioner Sir Archedale Enle I.C.S.visited Jorhat.
Shanti Asram persently known as Assam Bongia Sarasat Math was established by Swami Nigamananda.
First News paper"Axom Bilashini"edited by Krishna Kanta Bhattacharjya-Published.
"Jorhat Sahitya Sabha" established.
First election of municipality was held K.K.Baruah was the first elected chairman.First school magazine of Assam"Prabhat"was published from Normal school ,Jorhat Sarat Chandra Goswami was the first Editor.
Baligaon Sanmilani Natya Mandir established.
1923, 9th September
Death of Chandrakanta Handique
Genration of Electricity by Kashinath Saikia at the cost of Rs.70,000/-
Water supply project started.Another school magazine"Jeuti"was published from Jorhat Boys govt.High School.
"AMOM HITOIXINI"edited by Durgadhar Borkatoky published.
Sir John.Governor of Assma inauguraed the Chandra Kanta Handique Bhawan.Dharma Sanmiloni Sabha established at Borigaon.
Prince of Wales Enginering Insitute established."Tarajan Sanmilani Mandir"established.
First Areroplane landed at Khalmati.The GI-AA-X plane was piloted by Barnard Leete.
Death of ruhini Hati Baruah (freedom fighter)
Publication of Sadinia Batori from Thengal Bhawan.
Jagannath Boruah College established with 14 students.
(a) Lord Irwin,Viceroy of India visits Jorhat Black flag.demonstrations by Debeswar Sarma,Shankar Baruah,Apirah Ram Gogoi,Sarbeswar Bordoloi,Chandra Kanta Baruah & other leaders.
(b) Talkie film Alam-Ara shown at Thengal Bhawan.This was the first Indian film shown at Jorhat.
(c) The Imperial Telegraph Training and Commerical Insitute ,Jorhat came into existence.
First Indian apointed as Deputy Commissioner (Pachu Goapl Mukherjee I.C.S.)
Publication of "Dainik Batory"from Thengal Dhawan Edited by Nilmoni Phukon.
Establishment of Charigaon M.V.Balika Vidyalaya.
Recording of "Jerengar Sati"Ganesh Gogoi and his team from Jorhat at Meghaphone company,Calcutta.
Co-acting started at Jorhat Theatre hall.first actress was Gunabala Gogoi.
Shiva Prasad Baruah,Tea planter and a great donar died.
Jorhat Sanskrit College was started.
Establishment of Jagannath Barooah Aryya Vidyalaya at Baligaon.Rowriah Aerodrome functioned one U.S.DC-3 plane(Dakota)landed first.Charigaon was declared a independent state.Lakhyeswar Baruah was the President of it with other cabinet ministers.
a) Ross Institute for research of Malaria and other tropical diseases established under the auspices of Indian Tea Association. (b) Jorhat Club established. (c) Jorhat Sangeet Vidyalaya established.
Industrial Training Centre(Converted to I.T.I.in 1961)established.
Publication of "Saptahik Janambhumi"(first issue)
Assam Agriculture Colege established.Death of Gagot Saikia freedom fighter and Minister of self declared Charigaon State.
First Ranji Trophy Cricket match played(Holkar XI vs Assam)
Devastating earthquake shookHeadquarter of ATPA established.
Establishment of Jorhat Stadium.
Death of Radha Kt.handique.
Death of Surendra Nath Buragohain,first central Govt.Minister from Assam.
Establishment of Coal Survey Laboratory.
D.C.B.Girls College established.
Vice President of India Sri Sarbapalli Radhakrishnan visited Jorhat.
First cricket match with foreign team played.(West Indies vs East zone)
Jorhat Engineering college established.
Regional Research Laboratory established.
Tea Research Association came into being.
Assam Agriculture college converted to A.A.U.
Death of Hari Narayan Baruah founder of Assm Vilage Defence Party.
Dr.Zakir Hussain President of India visits Jorhat.
Office of the U.A.Commissioner established.
1972 Ist June
Publication of "Dainik Janambhumi"(first issue)
Opening Blind School.
Establishment of J.K.S.Homeo Medical college.
President of India Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed visits Jorhat.
Morarji Desai visits Jorhat
Neelam Sanjeeva Reddi President of India visits Jorhat.
Death of Krishna Kt.Handique.
Zail singh visits Jorhat
All India Radi,Jorhat station established.
Death of Debveswar Sarma.
Doordarshan relay centre established
Publication of "Tea Easern clarion"(first issue)
1994 23rd June
Death of Imdad Ali(Rtd.IGP and Ambassadar)
1995 3rd March
President of India ,Dr.Sankar Dayal Sarma visits Jorhat in connection with the centinary celebration of Jananayak Debeshar sarma.
Children Library opened.